What is Typography? How do you get it right

It’s something we all do: spend excessive time scrutinizing text messages or emails to determine the exact intent of the sender. We are used to analyzing the meaning of words or deciding which word would be better in a particular context. How often do you consider how the visuals can reflect the tone in the written phrase?

A graphic designer can express the message, emotion, or atmosphere the words convey. Imagine, for instance, the ornate font of a wedding invite plastered on a road sign. You want a different impact.

This guide will examine the power and importance of typography. The guide includes a definition of typography and a list of its key elements. It also offers tips for choosing the best typeface for your web design. You can jump to any section below.

What is typography?

The essential elements of typography

Typography Tips for Your Website

Typography UI/UX

What is typography exactly

The visual aspect can define typography. Typography is the art of arranging texts in a readable and attractive way. It can also convey a particular mood or reinforce a message. We can do this by using different fonts and typefaces and adjusting the size and spacing between words and letters.

Typography is arranging letters to make written languages legible and attractive when displayed and read. The history of typography dates back to ancient Greece and Rome when letter forms were engraved on papyrus, metal, and stone.

In the Middle Ages, illuminated manuscripts with beautifully crafted lettering were produced. In the 15th century, the invention of printing presses revolutionized typography, making books more accessible. In the 19th century, the industrial revolution brought new technology to printing. This led to sans-serif fonts and modern typography. Typography is shaped and expanded by digital technology.

Typography is a crucial design term. It’s an essential part of every design. The way words are designed can make them convey different feelings. Consider how your copy can visually communicate your brand’s personality and core message.

Typography: the main elements

You’ll want to be familiar with the variables available to experiment. There’s a long list of typography terminology, but the following are the essential elements to get you started.

Fonts and typefaces

There is a clear difference between typefaces and types of fonts.

Typefaces are a group of fonts, for example, Helvetica or Times New Roman, or even the notorious Comic Sans. Fonts refer to the specific styles within a typeface, such as bold, condensed, or italic. This blog post uses multiple fonts, all in the same typeface.


There are many ways to get creative with typography. But remember, the text is there to be read. There are other factors to consider besides choosing a clear and legible typeface.

Pay attention to the font size and the space between the letters and lines. Also, ensure that the text and background contrast is high enough. This will improve the user experience on your website and accessibility.

Serifs and sans serif

You’re sure to hear these terms used a lot when discussing typography. Serif typefaces have small decorative lines (or “tails”) at the end of letter strokes. Sans serif is “without serif.”


Hierarchy is essential to typography. It’s one of the design principles. Scale can help readers understand the importance of information by creating a distinction in copy. Hierarchy can be achieved by using anything, from the size of an element (significant or more minor), the width (thickness or thinness), or the placement (text on the bottom fold tends to appear less important than the text at the top fold).

The header of a newspaper is usually more extensive or more prominent than the body text. This lets readers quickly get the article’s essence by looking at the title. It also makes the layout clearer and easier to read.

White Space

White Space or “negative space” refers to the empty spaces surrounding text or images. A healthy amount of white space between graphics helps to avoid clutter and improves clarity. Text with margins and open space will draw more attention. It also helps to differentiate sections or blocks.


Typographical alignment is the flow of text on a webpage. There are four basic options:

Left margin: Text aligned to the left.

Flush left: Text aligned to the right margin. Flushing right is not recommended in languages where the text is read from left to right. It needs to be more counterintuitive.

Justified: Text aligned to the left margin. The spacing is automatically adjusted so that it is flushed with the margins on the right and left.

Centered: Text is centered. This means that it is not aligned with any margin. This works better for titles rather than large amounts of text. It can be difficult to read long texts because the edges are jagged.


It would help if you were consistent when using typography. This includes font, spacing, and alignment.


It’s crucial to know what you’re using the typography for. Consider the audience, type of content, and distribution method. Consider the genre, tone, and medium.

Tips for Typography on Your Website

It’s one thing to write website content, but another to decide how you want it presented on your website. These principles can also be applied to other contexts, like poster and newsletter design.

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