What is a domain name for beginners and why it matters

Unquestionably, a domain name is one of the most essential elements of a website or the entire Internet. This seemingly insignificant part of the World Wide Web allows you to access your favorite blogs and online shops. It is the reason you can visit your favorite online stores and blogs.

To show potential employers to hire you, you need to become familiar with domain names if you plan to build any online presence, whether a store or a portfolio.

It is not just the domain name that affects your website’s search engine ranking but also how visitors perceive you before seeing what you offer. You only have one chance to make an impression, as they say.

This comprehensive guide will teach you what a domain is and how it functions. We will cover the basic concepts of domains, their role, and the best practices to find and register the perfect domain. You can skip to any section below.

What is a Domain Name

Domain names are the addresses that people enter into their browsers to access a website. Each domain name is unique and unique to one website. Domains were designed to make it easier for people to find the Internet Protocol (IP) or online locator of a particular website.

IP addresses are a series of numbers that is assigned to each computer. They consist of four decimal numbers from 0 to 255, separated by periods. These seemingly random numbers may be great for computers, but it is much easier to remember words. Like saving a phone number, or domain name, let us keep 172.217.3.196 under google.com.

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN ) supervises all domain registrations. It also allocates and assigns addresses to domain registrars and maintains a central database of domain names and IPs. The ICANN can approve and manage new domain extensions known as TLDs. It can also shut them down if the rules are not followed.

What is the difference between a domain and a URL

Although many often refer to domain names as URLs or web addresses, they are only one part of the URL. A domain name comprises two parts: the name and the extension. In this case, the domain name is “wix,” and the extension is “.com.” If you look closely at your browser’s address bar, you will see more components to it. These parts all come together to form this page’s URL. See the image below for each element of a URL.

What is the domain system

The Internet is a massive worldwide network of computers connected through a global submarine cable grid. Each computer has an IP address, whether a personal device or server. This allows them to communicate with other computers on the network to send and retrieve data.

Domain names are just user-friendly versions of IP addresses that connect to specific websites. To find the correct web pages, computers must convert the seemingly random word strings back into numbers. Domain names system (DNS) is the solution. The DNS converts every domain name to a computer-readable address.

DNS servers receive a request when you enter a domain into your web browser. The DNS servers will search for servers connected to the domain name you entered and send your request there. These “name servers,” as they are called, are managed by ‘s web hosting provider. After identifying the IP address, the web hosting provider will then send the request to the server which stores the website files. The web server will use the IP address to locate all files that are associated with the IP and send the data back to your browser. All these steps are completed in less than 3 seconds. The DNS server or web server can also be called a domain server.

What is the difference between domain hosting and domain

It would help to build a website with both web hosting and a domain. Many confuse the two because of their mutual dependence and the fact that the same company often provides them.

Imagine your website is an apartment complex where each apartment represents a page on your site. This building can only exist if you have a plot of land to build it. Web hosting is the term used on the Internet to describe the land where you will develop your website. Web servers store all the data and files that comprise your website. They then send these to visitors.

People will need to know how to get there to visit your website. Technically, you could give them your site’s URL and be done with it. We could also share geographical coordinates rather than giving numbers and names to each street or building. You might already have guessed that domain names are the address for your apartment complex.

You can go one step further by adding a path to your domain name to direct your visitors to a particular page on your website. The online equivalent of adding a number after your address is “/blog.”

The people who come to your virtual apartment complex represent the Internet.

Domains of different types

DNS manages its distributed database using an inverted tree hierarchy. In this structure, the dot is the root domain. It sits on top of the framework. The domain name space below the drop is divided according to its relative position from the root domain.

It results in different domain types, each serving another purpose.

Top-level domains (TLD)

Second-level domains (SLD)

Fields at the third level

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